Utilizaire:Dhegiha/esbòs yokuts

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Esbòs del vocabulari de las lengas yokuts[modificar]

  • « ʼ », « ʰ », « ṣ », « čʰ »

Vocabulari general[modificar]

    palewyami bas san joaquin chukchansi dumna gashowu hometwoli tachi wikchamni yawdanchi yawelmani tulamni choynimni chawchila
amic noːčʰi pyo noːcʰ pyo noːčʰi pyo noːčʰi pyo noːčʰi scl noːc̣ʰi pyo
aiga ʔelikʼ poy ʔilikʼ poy ʔilikʼ scl ʔilikʼ yot ʔilikʼ poy ʔilakʼ poy ʔilikʼ shi ʔitikʼ poy ʔitikʰ scl ʔilikʼ scl ʔilakʼ poy
fuòc ʔoṣot pm ʔoṣitʰ scl ʔuṣitʰ yot ʔuṣitʰ yot ʔuṣitʰ ʔoṣitʼ shi ʔusitʰ pm ʔušitʰ scl ʔoṣitʰ scl
efant witʰep poy witʰep poy witʰep poy
pòrta sunʼuč slc ṭʰuŋoːšut slc
alzena pawukʰ slc pʼaːwʼukʰ slc
cordèl, ficèla čʼekiyʼ poy cʼikeyʼ poy
lagrema meŋal pyo manal pyo maŋal pyo maŋat pyo manal pyo maːŋal pyo
sageta kʼelkʼal pm tʼoyos shi tʼuyos ~ṣikʰil shi
arc keṭŋalʼ pm nukʼon scl ṭʼalapʰ scl tayapʰ scl ṭʼalapʰ scl
chaman ʔeŋṭʰew pyo ʔaŋṭʰuw pyo ʔaŋṭʰu scl ʔanṭʰuw pyo ʔanṭʰuw pyo
estiu scl hayaːlew hayal

Zoologia, botanica, biologia[modificar]

    palewyami bas san joaquin chukchansi dumna gashowu hometwoli tachi wikchamni yawdanchi yawelmani tulamni choynimni chawchila
bec pumuṭʼ shi
bana ʔešilʼ pyo ʔïšïl ~ ʔeṣilʼ pyo ʔïṣat pyo ʔiṣelʼ pyo ʔešil pyo
rusca, pèl d'un fruch ṭʼoːtot shi
flor scl ʔeːlaw ʔeːtaw ʔeːlaw
aglan pʰetʰuṣ poy pʰutʰuṣ poy pʰutʰuṣ poy pʰutʰuṣ poy
uòu hon slc hoŋ slc hon slc
coa kʼutʼ scl kutʰ scl kʼutʼuṣ scl
raiç scl hoːpʰul hoːpʰut hoːpʰul
sang pʰaːyax scl pʰaːyax scl

Anatomia[modificar]

    palewyami bas san joaquin chukchansi gashowu hometwoli tachi wikchamni yawdanchi yawelmani tulamni choynimni chawchila
boca šemaʔ ~ semaʔ poy sabaʔ poy ṣamaʔ ~ šamaʔ poy samʼ poy šamaʔ poy šama scl samaʔ scl samʼ poy šamaʔ poy
cavilha kʰuyo scl kʰuyuʔ scl
còr honhon scl ʔuṣakʼ poy ʔuṣukʼ scl honhon scl hoŋhoŋ scl ʔuṣukʼ scl ʔuṣakʼ poy ʔuṣukʼ poy
còs pʰoːlutʰ shi
cuèissa scl kʼowiy kʼowiy
dent tʰeːli tʰeːtiy tʰeːti ṭʰeːyiy
espatla scl kʼapṣal kʼapsay
fetge scl tipʰ tipʰ tipʰ
linga scl tʰalxas tʰatxaṭʰ tʰalxaṭʰ
nas ṭʰeŋikʼ pyo ṭʰidikʼ pyo sinikʼ pyo ṭʰinikʼ pyo ṭʰïŋakʼ ~ ṭʰiŋakʼ pyo ṭʰïŋïkʰ pyo ṭʰinikʼ pyo ṭʰiŋakʼ ~ ṭʰiŋakʼ pyo
aurelha scl tʰukʼ tʰukʰ tʰukʼ
uèlh sesaʔ ~ šešaʔ pyo sasaʔ pyo ṣaṣaʔ scl sas pyo šašaʔ pyo šaša scl sasaʔ scl sas ~ sasal pyo
ongla xeːsix pyo xeːšix pyo kʰeːšikʰ pyo xeːsix pyo xeːšix pyo
òs čʼey cʼiy čʼiːy cʼiy
pitre pʰiʔis shi
subrecilha, ussa tʼimeːsil čimeːžit tʼimeṭʰ
tendon pʰikʰil pʰikʰetʰ pʰikʰet pʰikʰil

Geografia, astronomia[modificar]

    palewyami bas san joaquin chukchansi dumna gashowu hometwoli tachi wikchamni yawdanchi yawelmani tulamni choynimni chawchila
estela cʼoyoːtas pm čʼayataš čʼaytaṣ scl čʼaytʼas scl čʼoytʰoš scl cʼaytas scl
montanha lomatʰ ~ lomotʰ poy lubitʰ poy lumitʰ poy lomitʰ scl tumitʰ poy tomitʰ scl lomitʰ scl lomitʰ ~ lomotʰ poy

Parentat[modificar]

    palewyami bas san joaquin chukchansi gashowu hometwoli tachi wikchamni yawdanchi yawelmani tulamni choynimni chawchila
frère de la mère ʔaːkas scl ʔaːkas gg ʔakaš scl ʔaːkaṣ scl
belle-mère ʔontʰipʰ scl ʔontʰipʰ gg ʔontʰipʰ scl ʔontʰipʰ scl
père nopʰopʰ scl nopʰopʰ yot natʰetʰ gg nopʰopʰ scl
beau-frère napʰaːtʰum gg nipʼey scl nipʰiy scl
frère aîné nipečʼ scl nipečʼ gg nipečʰ scl nipecʼ scl
frèrecadet neʔeṣ scl neːʔeš scl neʔeṣ scl
sœur du père nuṣoṣ scl nažož scl nusos scl
beau-père naxaːmʼiṣ scl naxamiš scl naxaːmis scl
sœur de la mère nikʰetʼ scl nikʰet scl
mère noʔom scl noʔom yot noʔom scl
belle-fille ʔonmil scl ʔonmit scl ʔonmil scl
belle-sœur ʔinpay scl ʔonpʰoy scl ʔonpoy scl
beau-fils napʰaːtʰim scl napʰaːtʰum scl napʰaːtʰim scl
(mari de la sœur)
sœur aînée naʔatʰ scl naʔatʰ scl naʔatʰ scl naʔat scl
sœur cadette noʔotʼ scl noʔotʼ yot noːʔotʰ scl noʔot scl
nebot pučʼon scl pucʼoŋ scl pučoŋ scl pucʼon scl
filh počʼon yot
bébé ʔaːxil yot
marit loːwitʰ yot

Animals[modificar]

    palewyami bas san joaquin chukchansi gashowu hometwoli tachi wikchamni yawdanchi yawelmani tulamni choynimni chawchila
vibre tʼiːpekʰ pyo tʼeːpikʰ pyo tʼëːpïkʰ pyo tʼeːpikʰ pyo tʼeːpikʼ pyo
can scl čeːxa čʼeːšaš puʔus cʼëːsas čeːžež puʔus
esquiròl poːhat
coiòt scl kʰaːyʼu kʰayʼiw kʰayu kʰayʼiw
crotale nasis scl naṭʰiṭʰ scl
lebre (jackrabbit) xomix scl xomix scl
lop yawʼticʼ pm yawlicʼ ~ yawʼlicʼ pm
mosca kʼamaːṣiʔ scl moʔnoyʼi shi monʼay shi~kʼaːmaːṣaʔ scl
mouffette cʰox pyo sox scl cʰox pyo čʰox pyo čʰox scl cʰox scl cʰox pyo čʰox pyo čʰox pyo
ors nohʔoʔ scl ŋohoʔoʔ scl nohʔoʔ scl
pic flamboyant čʼiwʼsaʔ scl ṭʼiwiša scl ṭʼiwissaʔ scl
pic, pic verd pʰalaːtatʰ scl pʰalaːtatʰ scl pʰalaːkʼakʼ scl
peisson lopʰaṭʰ~ lopʰoṭʰ pyo lupʰiṭʰ pyo lopʰis scl lupʰiṭʰ pyo topʰiṭʰ pyo topʰiṭʰ scl lopʰiṭʰ scl lupʰiṭʰ pyo lupʰuṭʰ pyo
pesolh de testa tʰihiṭʰ pyo ṭʰahaṭʰ pyo tʰeheṭʰ pyo tʰiʔiṭʰ pyo ṭʰehaṭʰ pyo
pesolh de còs pʰaṭʰiṭʰ pyo
piuse pʼaːkʼel pyo pʼaːkʼilʼ pyo pʼaːkʼat ~ pʼaːkʼit pyo pʼaːkʼil pyo
puma wihiːšet pm weheːṣit slc wëhëːšïtʰ pm wëhëːšïtʰ slc weheːsitʰ pm
rainal ʔawʼčaʔ scl ʔawʼcʰa pm ʔawʼčʰa scl ʔawʼcʰaʔ scl
vert wikʼwikʼ scl wekʼwekʼ scl
wapiti ṣohkoy scl šoxkoy scl sohkoy scl

Vèrbes[modificar]

    palewyami bas san joaquin chukchansi gashowu hometwoli tachi wikchamni yawdanchi yawelmani tulamni choynimni chawchila
avalar meːkʼi scl meːkʼi scl
combatre pʰaʔseʔ scl pʰaʔaṭʰ scl pʰaʔaṭʰ scl
dormir ʔenṭʰim pyo ʔeŋṭʰam pyo ʔiŋaṭʰ pyo
rêver ʔanaswomʼ pyo ʔanaṭʰwal pyo
ser malaude tʰixtʰin scl čʰïxïčʰ scl tʰextʰin scl
florir ʔeːliw shi
bufar sus pʰoːṣu shi
bufar vent ʔiːlwiyi shi
coser peːwin scl peːwin scl peːwin scl
corir lihim scl lihim scl
tirar (arma) tʼuyoʔ scl tʼuyu scl
trobar pokʼo scl pokʼo scl
veire ʔëkʰa scl ʔeːkʼa scl
voler (steal) ʔoːṣu scl ʔoːṭʼu scl

Numerals[modificar]

    palewyami bas san joaquin chukchansi gashowu hometwoli tachi wikchamni yawdanchi yawelmani tulamni choynimni chawchila
un yitʼ pm yetʼ scl yetʼ yetʰ scl yetʼ scl
dos poŋoy pyo podoy pyo ponoy scl puŋi ~ puŋiy pyo poŋoy pʰoŋoy scl ponoy scl puŋi ~ puŋiy pyo punoy pyo
tres ṣoːpin pm ṣoːpʰit pyo ṣoːpʰin scl ṣoˑpʰ pyo soːpʰin šoːpʰin scl ṣoːpʰin scl
quatre hetpeŋay pm hatʰpanay scl hatʰpʰaŋiy hatʼpʰaŋi scl hotponoy scl
cinc yetselay pm yitʼṣinil scl yitʼšiŋit yïtʰšiŋutʰ scl yicʼinil scl
sieis cʼilipʰiʔ pm čʼolipʼiy scl čʼutipʰiy čʼutipʰi scl cʼolippʰiy scl
set nomcin pm nomčʼin scl nomčʼin nomčʰin scl nomcʼil scl
uech menʼus pyo munʼoṣ scl munʼas pyo munʼoš munʼoš scl munʼos scl munʼas pyo
nòu likiyiʔ pm noːnipʼ scl saponhot scl noːnip noːnipʰ scl sopʰonhot scl
dietz ṭʼeyuwʼ pm čʼeyew scl ṭʼiyew ṭʰiyew scl ṭʼiyʼew scl

Còdis[modificar]

Lengas yokuts

  • yok-chk : chukchansi
  • yok-chw : chawchila
  • yok-dum : dumna
  • yok-gas : gashowu
  • yok-hom : hometwoli
  • yok-lsj : bas san joaquin
  • yok-nop : noptinte
  • yok-nut : tachi
  • yok-tul : tulamni
  • yok-wik : wikchamni
  • yok-ywd : yawdanchi

Fonts[modificar]

  • gg o wikchamni (sens precision) : Geoffrey Gamble, Wikchamni Grammar, University of California Publications in Linguistics, vol. 89, University of California Press, Berkeley et Los Angeles, 1978
  • pm : Howard Berman, Merriam’s Palewyami Vocabulary, International Journal of American Linguistics, vol. 68, n°4, 2002, pp. 428-446
  • pyo : Kenneth W. Whistler, Victor Golla, Proto-Yokuts Reconsidered, International Journal of American Linguistics, vol. 52, no. 4, 1986, pp. 317-358
  • scl : Victor Golla, Comparative Yokuts Phonology, in William Bright (éditeur), Studies in Californian Linguistics, University of California Publications in Linguistics, vol. 34, University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1964, pp. 54-66
  • yot : Geoffrey Gamble (éditeur), Yokuts Texts, Native American Texts Series 1, Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin, 1994